By Onome Efe
The rate of suicides globally has assumed a disturbing dimension that both individuals and governments across the world must give the necessary attention to address it. Every day, a large number of people die via suicide. According to the World Health Organization, 800,000 people commit suicide yearly. With this figure, one person dies every 40 minutes; this is frightening that is should also draw sympathy from those of us that are still living; this is because nobody who the next victim may be. This frightening figure should give everyone a great concern. This is why the issue of suicide should as a matter of fact draw the attention of all and sundry. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in American.
Suicide victims adopt various methods to take their own lives. Many suicide victims have taken their lives by taking overdose of some sedatives drugs thereby causing deep sleeps of many hours without waking from such sleeps. Other victims of suicide had resorted to taking deadly poisons manufactured solely to destroy pests such as rats, snakes, cockroaches, flies, termites. Many have committed suicide by hanging themselves on trees, ceiling fans or some other high platforms. In some countries, many suicide victims had jumped into lagoons, seas, oceans, rivers, streams etc. In some instances, some committed suicide by running onto fast moving vehicles while other had jumped down from very high skyscrapers and crashed onto very hard surface.
Considering the obvious fact that suicide is a global phenomenon-as citizens of nations considered to be developed, undeveloped and developing ones are involved in death by suicide. The poor, the rich, the old, the young and teenagers have all been involved in suicides. The big questions people are asking is, why do people commit suicide?
Many articles have been written outlining the causes of suicide. A notable psychologist, Jesse Bering of the University of Otago in New Zealand, in his famous book: Suicidal: Why We Kill Ourselves (University of Chicago Press, 2018) noted that, “the specific issues leading any given person to become suicidal are as different, of course, as their DNA-involving chains of events that one expert calls dizzying in their variety.” He added that five percent of people that commit suicide is due to depression, 43% is due to genetics factors while 57% of suicides are because of environmental factors.
Other reasons given for suicide include the desperate desire to escape from unbearable suffering, mental illness, loss of a loved one, job, divorce, prolong poor health status, lack of social support etc. Older people age 65 and above have higher suicide rates followed by people of ages 15-25 who are influenced by depression, alcohol, drugs, traumatic events, availability of guns, poisons and other items that can used to commit suicide.
The notable common signs of suicide are: loneliness, withdrawal from people, lack of ambition, hopelessness, threat to kill oneself under slight provocation etc. The most active treatment for suicide are: the use of antidepressant, counseling, pampering of suspects, associating with them etc.
Suicide is a global problem accounting for about a million deaths annually. It comes after terrorism and accidents of any type. This is why it must be given adequate attention in order to reduce its occurrences or overcome it completely.